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(ris-med), Tib., lit., “unbiased”; term for a current in Tibetan Buddhism that had its origin in east Tibet in the 19th century. It arose from the need to overcome sectarian bias in the evaluation of the doctrinal traditions of the various schools and to accept each tradition on its own merits. The movement was initiated by the Sakyapa teacher Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820–92). Among his many students, the most important were Chogyur Dechen Ling­pa (1829–70) and Jamgon Kongtrul (1811–99).~ The fundamental attitude of unbiasedness of the movement is most evident in the person and work of Jamgon Kongtrul. The influence of the Rime movement is still palpable today, es­pecially in the Karma Kagyü and Nying­ma schools. The main concern of the first Rime teachers and the succeeding generations of their students was a clear structuring of doc­trinal and practical materials, based on the ex­ample of the Gelug school.